Evagrius identified eight logismoi (“fatal viewpoint”) including a keen overarching envision the guy entitled “passion for worry about”

New Enneagram out of Identification (or simply the Enneagram, about Greek words ennea [nine] and you may grammos [some thing written or taken]) is a model of peoples character that’s principally put as a great typology off nine interrelated character types. Principally created by identification versions (both referred to as “enneatypes”), being portrayed by the products off a geometric profile entitled an enneagram , [1] that also means a number of the connections between your types. And there’s additional schools out-of believe among Enneagram theorists on the some regions of how it was realized, their interpretation isn’t necessarily unified otherwise uniform. [1]

The fresh Enneagram away from Character isn’t a typology that is aren’t trained otherwise researched in educational mindset. It has been extensively marketed in providers government and you will religious contexts owing to seminars, conferences, instructions, guides and you may Dvds. [2] [3] Operating contexts it is generally made use of while the an effective typology in order to acquire understanding on the place of work fictional character; for the spirituality it is commonly showed since the a path to large says of being, substance and you can [2] but might have been criticized as actually at the mercy of interpretation, therefore it is tough to test otherwise confirm clinically. [4]


The origins and historical development of the Enneagram of Personality are matters of dispute. Wiltse and Palmer [5] have suggested that similar ideas to the Enneagram of Personality are found in the work of Evagrius Ponticus , a Christian mystic who lived in 4th century Alexandria. Evagrius wrote, “The first thought of all is that of love of self (philautia); after this, [come] the eight.” Cite error: Invalid tag; invalid names, e.g. too many In addition to identifying eight deadly thoughts, Evagrius also identified eight “remedies” to these thoughts. [5]

[ticket required] The guy don’t, not, generate the fresh nine identification sizes in the Enneagram. [admission expected] of modern Enneagram out of Personality. Ichazo’s “Enneagon of Pride Fixations”, and many other dimensions of identity mapped on brand new enneagram contour, variations the cornerstone of the Enneagram away from Personality. Bolivian-born Ichazo first started training software from thinking-development in the fresh 1950s. Their exercises, he phone calls ” [1] and coined the definition of “Enneagram away from Character”. [2]

[solution necessary] Among Naranjo’s early people there are even varying understandings out of Enneagram idea. [1] Multiple almost every other article authors, and Enneagram profile

enneagram contour might be consisting of three bits; a circle, an inner triangle (linking step three-6-9) and you may an uneven hexagonal “occasional contour” (linking step one-4-2-8-5-7). According to mystical spiritual way of life, [6] the latest community shows unity, the interior triangle symbolizes the latest “law regarding three” plus the hexagon is short for brand new “legislation away from seven” (as 1-4-2-8-5-7-step one is the repeating quantitative produced by isolating that of the seven within the base ten yubo Hesap Nasıl Silme arithmetic [7] ). These types of around three facets create the fresh new enneagram figure. [8]

Nine systems

The fresh dining table lower than provides the prominent services of the 9 sizes along with their basic relationships. It dining table is dependent on Understanding the Enneagram: The brand new Simple Self-help guide to Identification Models (modified version) from the Don Richard Riso and you will Russ Hudson . [9] Most other theorists get differ into some facets. The fresh new designs are normally labeled because of the their numbers, however, sometimes their “attribute jobs” (which makes reference to unique [10] ) can be used as an alternative. Brand new “stress” and you can “security” activities (sometimes described as brand new “disintegration” and “integration” points) are the items, connected by the lines of your own enneagram figure, which might be thought to dictate a member of way more bad otherwise everyday circumstances. Predicated on it idea, people classed once the a one types of, for example, may start to trust, getting and you may act more like a four variety of when stressed, or maybe more such as for instance an excellent Seven particular whenever casual.

Extremely, but not all, Enneagram off Personality theorists teach one to somebody’s basic type is actually changed, no less than somewhat, by character dynamics of the two adjoining systems since conveyed to the enneagram shape. These systems are usually named “wings”. A man of the About three character style of, such, is actually know to have products A couple of and Five as their wing sizes. The system of your enneagram shape may suggest your products or things exists with the a spectrum as opposed to since collection of designs otherwise situations unrelated to people adjacent to her or him. [pass needed] A man are know, therefore, to own a key method of and something otherwise two wing products that influence but do not change the core type of. [11] [12]

Stress and you will safety things

The traces within activities add subsequent definition into information provided with the fresh descriptions of your models. Either called the “security” and you will “stress” things, or points off “integration” and “disintegration”, these linked situations and additionally join someone’s overall character. You can find, thus, at the very least five almost every other items that can also be notably apply at a person’s core character; the 2 affairs linked by the contours towards the core sorts of therefore the one or two wing items. [13] [14]

Instinctual subtypes

Each of the identity products is frequently knew given that having about three subtypes. These types of three subtypes are believed to-be shaped according to and therefore certainly three instinctual powers out of a person is dominantly set up and you may expressed. The latest instinctive powers usually are entitled “self-preservation”, “sexual” (also called “intimacy” otherwise “one-to-one”) and you can “social”. Towards instinctive level, someone may in be concerned and on the exterior display the need to manage by themselves (self-preservation), to connect having important someone else otherwise people (sexual), or even to go along or achieve groups (social). [15] Using this position, you’ll find twenty seven line of identity habits, because people of every of your own 9 products in addition to go to town as one of the around three subtypes. [16] A choice method to this new subtypes discusses them as three domains or clusters of intuition one to lead to improved likelihood of emergency (the “preserving” domain), increased expertise in navigating the latest personal ecosystem (the “navigating” domain) and enhanced probability of reproductive triumph (the fresh “transmitting” domain). [17] Out of this understanding the subtypes mirror individual differences in the new presence of these about three separate groups away from instincts.

It’s essentially considered that some one means in most about three forms off instinctual powers but this 1 always dominates. Considering some theorists several other gut can be really-developed while the 3rd tend to markedly smaller arranged. [18]

Roman Catholic problem

In 2000, this new Joined States’ Committee towards Philosophy lead a good draft summary of the fresh origins of your own Enneagram to simply help bishops within research of their include in its dioceses. The newest report known areas of the latest intersection within Enneagram and you can Catholicism which, within advice, warranted sorts of scrutiny and you can were seen as possible aspects of concern, stating that “While the enneagram system shares little having conventional Religious doctrine or spirituality, additionally, it shares absolutely nothing toward actions and you may requirements of modern technology. The responsibility away from proof is on advocates of the enneagram to help you give scientific facts for their claims.” [19] Partially in reaction to some [20] [21]

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