CNH effects for the pounds, glucose levels and you can hematocrit

Blood glucose levels

Venous blood was taken having fun with good Teflon catheter regarding the ear canal limited vein, and you may glucose levels height is actually counted having fun with industrial pieces and a good sugar meter (Accu-Chek ® Active, Roche, Germany).

Statistical investigation

All data is presented as mean ± SEM. Statistical analysis of data was performed with GraphPad Prism (version 6.07 for Windows, GraphPad Software, San Diego California, USA). Non-normally distributed variables: body weight, hematocrit, SD1, SD2, LF, HF, and LF/HF ratio. Normally distributed variables: blood glucose, heart rate, cardiac cycle duration, cardiac contraction time, systolic pressure, diastolic pressure, HRV total power. Mean arterial pressure as well as HRV power bands were normally distributed before but not after vagotomyparison between two groups was performed using parametric (Student?s t-tests) or nonparametric (Mann–Whitney or Wilcoxon test) tests, according to the data structureparison between more than two groups was performed using nonparametric analysis of variance (Kruskal–Wallis) test. Statistical decision level was set at p < 0.05.


The mean body weight of control animals (1.87 ± 0.08 kg; n = 11) was like the initial mean weight of animals exposed to CNH (1.79 ± 0.10 kg; n = 8). After 14 days, the body weight of control rabbits increased significantly to 2.27 ± 0.10 kg (p < 0.05). In contrast, the average body weight of CNH exposed rabbits was not significantly modified after 2-wks of CNH exposure (1.79 ± 0.10 kg vs. 1.78 ± 0.11 kg). Moreover, at the end of the CNH exposure rabbits had lower body weights than predicted values based on unexposed rabbits (2.27 ± 0.10 kg, p < 0.01).

CNH affected hematocrit but did not alter blood glucose levels. The mean hematocrit increased from 40.3 ± 0.7% at the beginning of the CNH period to 55.8 ± 0.9% after 14 days of CNH (p < 0.001). The mean blood glucose levels, measured after anesthetic induction and prior to physiological recordings, were similar in control and CNH rabbits (7.99 ± 0.51 mmol/L, n = 5 and 8.55 ± 0.47 mmol/L, n = 5, respectively; p > 0.05).

Ramifications of CNH to the asleep cardiovascular details when you look at the basal requirements

Table 1 contains the indicate opinions to your cardio details to possess control and CNH rabbits counted through the good ten-min tape out of straight cardiovascular system beats following induction from anesthesia. Rabbits exposed to 14 days out-of CNH had no mathematically tall distinctions (p > 0.05) inside the arterial tension, pulse rate, cardiac duration stage and you will contraction time, compared to the handle rabbits. Particularly, heart rate and you can imply arterial together with systolic and you can diastolic arterial pressures was indeed a bit however significantly improved in the CNH rabbits compared to values in control rabbits (Desk step one). Also, arterial pulse pressure is somewhat although not rather low in CNH rabbits with respect to manage pets (Desk 1).

Cardio details immediately after two-sided vagotomy

Most cardiovascular variables were affected by bilateral vagotomy (Table 2) in control rabbits. After vagotomy, mean heart rate increased significantly from ± bpm to ± bpm (p < 0.05; Fig. 2a). Similarly, after vagotomy, mean systolic, diastolic, and pulse arterial pressure increased (p < 0.05), and mean arterial blood pressure also increased (p < 0.05). Conversely, bilateral vagotomy did not modify significantly these cardiovascular variables in the CNH rabbits (Table 2).

Heart rate before and after bilateral vagotomy in control and CNH rabbits. a Mean heart rate was significantly increased in control (n = 6) but not in CNH rabbits (n = 6) after bilateral vagotomy (VgTx). b Scatter plot of mean heart rate after bilateral vagotomy as a function of basal mean heart rate. Dotted line: line of identity. c In control rabbits, changes in mean heart rate were maximal in the midrange of basal heart rate; in CNH rabbits, changes were inversely and linearly related to basal mean heart rate. Control rabbits: empty circles, continuous line. CNH rabbits: filled circles, segmented line. Bars: SEM. *p < 0.05

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *